The Sacramento Valley, the northern part of the Central Valley,
spreads through 10 counties north of the Sacramento–San Joaquin
River Delta (Delta). Sacramento is an important agricultural
region, growing citrus, nuts and rice among many other crops.
Water flows from the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range to the region’s
two major rivers — the Sacramento and American – and west into
the Delta. Other rivers include the Cosumnes, which is the
largest free-flowing river in the Central Valley, the lower
Feather, Bear and Yuba.
The Sacramento Valley attracts more than 2 million ducks and
geese each winter to its seasonal marshes along the Pacific
Flyway. Species include northern pintails, snow geese, tundra
swans, sandhill cranes, mallards, grebes, peregrine falcons,
heron, egrets, and hawks.
When state water officials scaled back their mass dumping of
water from the damaged Oroville Dam this week, they knew the
riverbed below would dry up enough to allow the removal of vast
piles of debris from the fractured main spillway.
There are 1.7 million cubic yards of rubble at the bottom of
the Diversion Pool, effectively splitting it into two bodies of
water. The plan with the spillway shut off, according to the
California Department of Water Resources, is to remove enough
of it to clear a channel and get the water that is backed up on
one side of the rubble to flow between the two sides.
Crews worked Tuesday to clean up dirt and debris from the base
of Oroville Dam and biologists rush to save stranded fish after
state officials shut off the flow of water from a damaged
spillway at the Northern California lake.
Geologists attempted for the first time Tuesday to figure out
what to do about the vast, yawning canyon dug out of the earth
after a crater opened up in the Oroville Dam’s concrete
spillway and diverted water at high speed into the adjacent
When California state biologists crested a sandbar along the
Feather River on Tuesday morning, they expected to find at
least some of the water that just a day before had raged
through the channel, too deep to stand in – and plenty of fish
needing to be rescued.
[Oroville] Dam operators gradually scaled back water releases
to zero over a six-hour period, providing breathing room for
construction crews trying to clear debris from a badly choked
Feather River channel and restart the dam’s critically needed
For three weeks, Oroville Dam’s fractured main spillway and the
surrounding hillsides have taken a nearly nonstop pounding. The
stunning waterfall crashing down what’s left of the 3,000-foot
concrete span has split the spillway in two and carved massive
canyons on either side.
Oroville Dam operators plan to halt water releases from the
dam’s battered spillway Monday in order to ramp up efforts to
remove a debris pile that’s preventing them from restarting a
Billions of dollars in flood projects have eased fears of levee
breaks near California’s capital and some other cities, but
state and federal workers are joining farmers with tractors in
round-the-clock battles this week to stave off any
chain-reaction failure of rural levees protecting farms and
Nine days ago, with the Oroville Dam under stress and battered
by more harsh weather, Gov. Jerry Brown said he had no
immediate plans to visit the site, suggesting “I don’t think
they need politicians fluttering around.”
Lake Oroville will partially reopen on Thursday, nearly two
weeks after more than 180,000 Northern California residents
evacuated their homes and the lake area closed due to fears
that the emergency spillway at Oroville Dam could fail.
The Department of Water Resources plans to remove at least some
of the debris at the bottom of the Oroville Dam spillway and
study the structure, but just aren’t sure when they’ll have a
chance to do that.
Not far from the main drag through Oroville, a dozen local
business owners and city officials faced each other in a hotel
lunchroom Tuesday. They sought to begin developing an
advertising campaign to transform a barrage of negative images
and news reports about frantic efforts to prevent catastrophic
flooding into a lucrative tourist attraction, albeit after the
Feather River Basin’s rainy season ends in April.
After the state Department of Water Resources reached its goal
early Monday morning of lowering the water level at Lake
Oroville by 50 feet, officials said heavy rains would likely
cause lake levels to rise several feet.
Twelve years ago, widespread destruction from Hurricane Katrina
on the Gulf Coast helped compel federal engineers 2,000 miles
away in California to remake a 1950s-era dam by constructing a
massive steel-and-concrete gutter that would manage surging
waters in times of torrential storms.
The badly damaged main concrete spillway at Oroville Dam
was pounded by massive volumes of stormwater this month,
but its failures occurred well short of the maximum flow that
engineers designed the system to handle.
Communities just downstream of California’s Lake Oroville dam
would not receive adequate warning or time for evacuations if
the 770-foot-tall dam itself – rather than its spillways – were
to abruptly fail, the state water agency that operates the
nation’s tallest dam repeatedly advised federal regulators a
Water releases through the damaged main spillway at Oroville
Dam were scaled back Thursday to allow crews to reach and
remove a pile of debris that has built up at the bottom of that
chute, officials said.
Feeling confident they’ve created sufficient empty space in
Lake Oroville for the time being, state Department of Water
Resources officials said they reduced spillway outflows so they
could address another looming challenge: restarting the dam’s
hydroelectric plant, which can release additional water when
Jeffrey Mount, a leading expert on California water policy,
remembers the last time a crisis at the Oroville Dam seemed
likely to prompt reform. It was 1997 and the lake
risked overflowing, while levees further downstream failed
and several people died.
Rainwater erosion alongside the Oroville Dam’s main spillway
appears to have contributed to the heavy damage that prompted a
crisis, forcing more than 100,000 to be evacuated from their
homes, a report reviewed by The Times showed.
Officials raced to drain more water from a lake behind battered
Oroville Dam as new storms began rolling into Northern
California on Wednesday and tested the quick repairs made to
damaged spillways that raised flood fears.
Protecting and restoring California’s populations of threatened
and endangered Chinook salmon and steelhead trout have been a big
part of the state’s water management picture for more than 20
years. Significant resources have been dedicated to helping the
various runs of the iconic fish, with successes and setbacks. In
a landscape dramatically altered from its natural setting,
finding a balance between the competing demands for water is
At churches, fairgrounds and other makeshift shelters,
thousands of Californians packed what belongings they had into
garbage bags and suitcases to return home Tuesday, two days
after they were told to flee the threat of massive flooding
from a dam’s damaged spillway.
Six months before rushing water ripped a huge hole in a channel
that drains a Northern California reservoir, state inspectors
said the concrete spillway was sound. As officials puzzle
through how to repair Oroville Dam spillway, federal regulators
have ordered the state to figure out what went wrong.
With both spillways badly damaged and a new storm approaching,
America’s tallest dam on Tuesday became the site of a desperate
operation to fortify the massive structures before they face
another major test. … In a sign of the progress made
Tuesday, officials downgraded the evacuation order to a
warning, allowing all evacuated residents to return home.
There’s another storm bearing down on troubled Oroville Dam,
set to begin late Wednesday. But state officials say they
believe the precipitation will be mild enough – and the
reservoir empty enough – to handle this latest challenge.
A huge Northern California reservoir, held in place by a
massive dam, has always been central to the life of the towns
around it. Now the lake that has brought them holiday fireworks
and salmon festivals could bring disaster.
Gov. Jerry Brown asked the Trump administration for a federal
disaster declaration for the emergency at Oroville Dam on
Monday evening, citing the impending arrival of more storms and
the potential need to resort again to the dam’s emergency
spillway, which has been severely eroded.
As California waited Monday night to see if President Donald
Trump would grant Gov. Jerry Brown’s request for emergency
funding for 10,000 evacuees who lived in the shadow of the
Oroville Dam, FEMA began preparing for the worse.
California Gov. Jerry Brown, appealing to the Trump
administration for direct federal assistance on the Oroville
Dam’s emergency spillway, said Monday that he remains
encouraged that the state and federal government can work
Water levels dropped Monday at California’s Lake Oroville,
stopping water from spilling over a massive dam’s potentially
hazardous emergency spillway after authorities ordered the
evacuation of nearly 200,000 people from towns lying below the
lake. California Department of Water Resources officials are
waiting for the light of dawn to inspect an erosion scar on the
spillway at the Oroville Dam, the nation’s largest.
More than a decade ago, federal and state officials and
some of California’s largest water agencies
rejected concerns that the massive earthen spillway at
Oroville Dam — at risk of collapse Sunday night and prompting
the evacuation of 185,000 people — could erode during heavy
winter rains and cause a catastrophe.
As a test run at the Oroville Dam spillway commenced Wednesday
afternoon, the director of the Department of Water Resources
said at a press conference in Sacramento he expected the bottom
of the spillway to be eroded away by spring, with a replacement
completed by fall.
State engineers gingerly began releasing water again through
the damaged Oroville Dam spillway Wednesday in a controlled
test to see how much water the scarred facility could handle,
as reservoir levels continued to climb behind the critical
After a few nice days, stormy weather is due to return
Wednesday night and stick around into next week. In preparation
for that, the Department of Water Resources kicked up releases
from Oroville Dam by a third Tuesday afternoon, to make room
for runoff in Lake Oroville.
Northern California is on track to break rainfall records. …
But you wouldn’t know the region has experienced an
exceptionally wet winter looking at the steep, dry shores
ringing the Sacramento region’s largest reservoir, Folsom Lake.
In the years before California’s drought, it wasn’t unusual for
Sacramentans to spend winters worrying about floods. After more
than five years with little rain, the past two weeks delivered
a bracing reminder that the region remains vulnerable to rising
waters and overtopped levees.
ARkStorm stands for an atmospheric
river (“AR”) that carries precipitation levels expected to occur
once every 1,000 years (“k”). The concept was presented in a 2011
report by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) intended to elevate
the visibility of the very real threats to human life, property
and ecosystems posed by extreme storms on the West Coast.
Tuesday, I visited a couple of projects in the Sacramento
Valley that are aimed at helping salmon on both ends of the
life cycle. They are collaborations between farmers and
environmentalists, two groups that are often at each other’s
throats in the never-ending battle over who is entitled to
California’s precious water supply.
Excavators, loaders and dump trucks began moving earth around
the Sacramento River this week as part of the latest effort to
help endangered chinook salmon. … Money for the project
comes from the federal Central Valley Project Improvement Act.
For the past two years state fisheries officials have asked the
state Fish and Game Commission to close on an emergency basis a
51/2-mile section of the river to fishing from April 1 to July
31 to protect spawning winter-run chinook salmon.
An hour north of Sacramento, in a ghost town tucked into a
remote mountain valley, California is poised to build a massive
new reservoir – a water project of a size that hasn’t been
undertaken since Jerry Brown’s first stint as governor in the
1970s. Sites Reservoir, all $4.4 billion of it, represents an
about-face in a state where drought has become the norm and
water users are told to scrimp and save.
Dr. Jay Lund, director of the UC Davis Center for Watershed
Sciences, is the godfather of research on the Sacramento-San
Joaquin Delta. When he says it took John Sutter eight days to
wind his way from San Francisco Bay through the Delta to find
the narrow Sacramento River in 1839, you can bet that’s the
truth. … Now, water agencies have joined together again
to launch the River Arc Project.
Rains have drenched Northern California, where most of the
state’s largest reservoirs are located. The state had the
second wettest October since the Department [of Water
Resources] began keeping records in 1921.
Last week, folks who are in the inner circle of the plans for
Sites Reservoir held a get-together in Maxwell to show off the
group’s new office and new logo. Also new is a website, that
talks about all things Sites Reservoir — a construction
schedule, facts sheets and a list of interested participants
Signaling a cutback in water supplies for farming and cities,
California regulators on Wednesday issued a new scientific
analysis that proposes overhauling the management of the
Sacramento River and devoting more water to Northern
California’s dwindling fish populations. … The proposal
comes a month after the water board called for people to take
far less water out of the San Joaquin River system.
A project to rebuild the Wallace Weir, a century-old levee
northwest of Sacramento, could help both farmers and salmon.
Bringing together a coalition of unlikely allies, it promises a
more sophisticated approach to water management.
California has been trying to fill its reservoirs for 5 years,
and it will get a little help from a storm expected to hit
later this week. Right now, Lake Shasta is only at 60% capacity
and Lake Oroville is at 44%, with other reservoirs across the
state even lower.
The Yuba County Water Agency board of directors on Tuesday
unanimously voted to reject an initiative to redistribute
revenue generated from groundwater substitution transfers —
that is the sale of surface water which is then replaced
locally by pumped water. … The initiative, known as the
Groundwater Fairness Act, was submitted to the agency on Sept.
At this point in the Sacramento River restoration game, one big
fix will not change the outlook for endangered and threatened
salmon. However, fish scientist Dave Vogel hopes that a series
of smaller fixes will make a big difference.
Less than 50 miles northeast of Chico, California, begins the
93-mile Butte Creek – a tributary of the Sacramento River. It is named
after Butte County, which was in turn named for the nearby
volcanic plateaus, or “buttes,” and travels through a massive
canyon on its way southwest to the Sacramento Valley.
As a watershed, it drains about 800 square miles, both for
agricultural and residential use. The upper watershed is
dominated by forests, while the lower watershed is primarily
Explore the Sacramento River and its tributaries through a scenic
landscape as we learn about the issues associated with a key
source for the state’s water supply. All together, the river and
its tributaries supply 35 percent of California’s water and feed
into two major projects: the State Water Project and the federal
Central Valley Project. This year, special attention will be paid
to the flood event at Oroville Dam and the efforts to repair the
dam spillway before the next rainy season.
As you grunt up the path in the depths of Deer Creek Canyon,
the incongruous sound of a large piece of gasoline-driven
machinery becomes audible over the rhythmic rumbling of the
creek. … But it’s one of those things where a temporary
intrusion into the wild may end up enhancing the wild for the
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has the go-ahead to begin a
nine-part levee-improvement project for the Natomas Basin in
Sacramento. … The levees are part of a system that
diverts watershed runoff into the American River.
California is the country’s second-largest rice producer, after
Arkansas, and the $5 billion crop is particularly well suited
to the Sacramento Valley’s clay soil. … Although seeing
thousands of acres of rice fields covered shin-deep in water
might seem wasteful to some, not everyone sees it that way.
Regional groundwater leaders took some necessary next steps
this week on the road to groundwater management and
sustainability. In less than a year, local water leaders need
to decide who will oversee state-mandated groundwater
Plans to build the Sites Reservoir have been in the works since
1957, and if it is eventually approved, work on the project
probably would not be complete for another 10 to 12 years,
according to Jim Watson, the Sites Reservoir Project general
With habitat for California waterbirds drying up, conservation
groups and rice farmers are collaborating to flood fields and
enhance waterbird habitat on roughly 550,000 acres of
California’s rice fields.
Calling all water users: If you would like to buy in on water
from a future Sites Reservoir, now is the time. Plans for Sites
Reservoir are moving forward, with a deadline of June 2017 to
ask the state Water Commission to pay for half of the estimated
$4.4 billion construction cost.
Federal officials on June 29 released a temperature management
plan for the Sacramento River that schedules releases from
Shasta Lake in a way they believe provides adequate
temperatures for winter-run Chinook salmon without cutting farm
With this year’s storms helping to refill the Sacramento
region’s lakes and reservoirs, local water district officials
and state regulators are diverting and percolating stormwater
from Cache Creek into the Yolo County canal system to recharge
groundwater supplies used by local farmers, city residents and
By this time next year a lot of work needs to be done on a
regional groundwater sustainability plan. … Every big task
needs to start somewhere, and this week the public is being
asked to join the conversation.
Drought-stressed Capitol Park will get $1.7 million for a
reclaimed water project in the new state budget, even though
the Legislature’s nonpartisan fiscal analyst concluded that the
project won’t pencil out for more than a century and a half.
A new era of groundwater management
began in 2014 with the passage of the Sustainable Groundwater
Management Act (SGMA), which aims for local and regional agencies
to develop and implement sustainable groundwater management
plans with the state as the backstop.
SGMA defines “sustainable groundwater management” as the
“management and use of groundwater in a manner that can be
maintained during the planning and implementation horizon without
causing undesirable results.”
The sounds of watercraft and families enjoying Lake Shasta on
Sunday carried across the water against a vibrant backdrop of
the tree line. The scene is a far cry from last year’s low
water levels on the lake, which became a visual indicator of
the state-wide drought and the impact to the local environment.
An estimated 1,380,000 salmon fry were to be loaded up into
five 2,800-gallon tanker trucks this week at the Feather River
Fish Hatchery to make their way to San Pablo Bay as part of an
The Sacramento Regional County Sanitation District hired
Dragados USA to build a biological nutrient removal station,
part of a larger $1.5 billion to $2 billion effort to meet
stricter state standards on wastewater pollutants discharged
into the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.
Despite some reservations, the Butte County Board of
Supervisors unanimously backed a conditional letter of support
for the Sites Reservoir project. The letter, to be sent to the
California Water Commission and the Sites Joint Powers
Authority, called for using Proposition 1 money to further
investigate the off-stream project west of the Sacramento River
in Colusa and Glenn counties.
The rains this winter were more or less than expected,
depending on where you live and what you expected. … The
unequal distribution of water continues as state and federal
water leaders allocate surface water supply.
Years of rumbling dump trucks and backhoes placing 2.75 million
tons of rock “armor” along nearly a dozen miles of riverbank is
an unpleasant thought for many who bike, jog, fish, bird-watch,
golf, boat and swim along the lower American River Parkway.
With Lake Oroville rising more than 82 feet this month, the
water level is now cutting into the buffer needed for flood
control. … Other north state reservoirs have increased
their outflows as they encroach on flood control limits.
Conaway Ranch, a 17,000-acre farm in which the Tsakopoulos
family acquired controlling interest in 2010, said Monday it
will work with water-use experts from Israel to experiment with
drip irrigation on a small portion of its rice fields.
There may be big problems lurking in the Sacramento River for
the young fish that officials want some day to hatch in Battle
Creek. That was the message that some river anglers delivered
to federal fisheries officials at a meeting in Red Bluff on
Seasonal storms that have raised the region’s reservoir water
levels to their highest points in the last two years could
bolster this year’s run of Chinook salmon, water and wildlife
officials said Wednesday.
Chris Rufer, 66, never has been keen on big government and
always liked an underdog fight. … That perseverance has Rufer
entangled in a $1.5-million battle with water regulators over
waste and odors from his tomato processing plant in the
Sacramento Valley town of Williams, the largest facility of its
kind in the country.
Water from the rain-swollen Sacramento River began flowing over
the Fremont Weir and into the Yolo Bypass on Saturday morning,
according to monitors at the California Nevada River Forecast
Center, part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
For more than 70 years, Coleman National Fish Hatchery has
raised young salmon and steelhead trout, and released them into
Battle Creek so they can migrate out to the Pacific Ocean. But
there are changes happening in Battle Creek.
A few dozen baby salmon that spent the past two weeks
contentedly eating – and growing – in the invertebrate stew of
a flooded rice field were netted Friday, dumped into coolers
and hauled by pickup several miles to a drainage canal and to
the Sacramento River.
Even with unseasonably warm temperatures and little to no rain
in the forecast for at least the next seven days, the operators
of Folsom Dam are going to more than double the flows in the
lower American River to protect against flooding.
The discovery of an invasive mudsnail downstream of the Table
Mountain Boulevard bridge in Oroville, has prompted state
officials to urge Feather River users to decontaminate
equipment. … Officials are also setting up decontamination
protocols to keep the mudsnails from entering the nearby
Feather River Fish Hatchery.
Acknowledging the challenges posed by the hot, dry climate
endemic to much of inland California, state drought regulators
Friday proposed easing the water-conservation rules for
Sacramento and other communities where it takes extra water to
keep trees from dying.
Water experts in Yolo County are actively monitoring water
wells to measure the groundwater supply. … The
groundwater supplies about 30 percent of the water in our
region, according to the Northern California Water Association,
which represents water rights holders in the Sacramento Valley.
The funds, from the Department of Water Resources’ Flood
Systems Repair Program, will allow the Sutter Butte Flood
Control Agency to improve a section of levee near Laurel Avenue
south of Star Bend, further expanding a multi-year project to
raise the flood protection in urban and rural areas to 200- and
100-year levels, respectively.
Scientists were knee deep in the Feather River on Friday,
systematically injecting 20,000 fertilized salmon eggs into the
bottom of the river. … The eggs were injected near the
Oroville Wildlife Area, just a few miles north of Gridley.
The State Water Resources Control Board meets Monday on
potential changes to mandatory water conservation targets
should the drought persist into 2016. … The Regional Water
Authority is joining several other water providers from across
the state to propose an objective, science-based approach to
adjust water conservation targets for climate.
Explore the Sacramento River and its
tributaries through a scenic landscape as we learn about the
issues associated with a key source for the state’s water supply.
All together, the river and its tributaries supply 35 percent of
California’s water and feed into two major projects: The State
Water Project and the federal Central Valley Project.
This 3-day, 2-night tour travels across the Sacramento Valley and
follows the river north from Sacramento through Chico to Redding
and Lake Shasta, where participants take a houseboat ride.
It will take dozens of rain storms to alter the effects of
California’s four-year drought. … With Folsom Lake now
at just 15 percent of capacity, water experts are once again
urging Californians to conserve.
The issue of the governor’s request came to light as part of a
lawsuit against the state by farmers who accuse the state of
doing an inadequate job of preventing water pollution from oil
and gas drilling.
Visitors to the Feather River Fish Hatchery will find new signs
with updated information. The signs replace displays that were
erected when the hatchery first opened in 1967, according to
Penny Crawshaw, fish hatchery manager.
Right now, migrating waterfowl are looking for wet places to
land and feed. … This week, several Sacramento River farm
water districts finalized a deal with the federal Bureau of
Reclamation to use water later in the year, to provide water
for birds in November.
One of the last wild runs of chinook salmon in California is
sinking fast amid the four-year drought and now appears
perilously close to oblivion after the federal agency in charge
of protecting marine life documented the death of millions of
young fish and eggs in the Sacramento River.
Construction is nearly complete on a $2.5 million fish barrier
at the Knights Landing Outfall Gates. The project will block
migrating salmon from straying off course as they make their
way up the Sacramento River.
Wildlife managers are worried again this year: Will there be
enough wet habitat for millions of birds in the Sacramento
Valley? Before the drought, 250,000-300,000 acres of California
rice lands was flooded each winter.
The last hurdle in relicensing the Oroville Dam facilities may
be only a few more months away, according to the National
Marine Fisheries Service. The agency has been working on a
biological opinion to determine how the dam and facilities
downstream could impact endangered and threatened fish and
Even as Sacramento waits for the soaking El Niño forecast to
hit this fall, Folsom Lake continues to lose water and will
almost certainly fall Thursday to its lowest level in more than
20 years, government data show.
What’s holding up the relicensing of Oroville Dam facilities?
Fish. Specifically, an opinion on how three threatened species
might be affected, according to local Department of Water
A group of Northern California water users, and now investors,
have taken the next big step in the plans to build a new
reservoir in Northern California. Jim Watson has been hired as
the new and first general manager of the Sites Reservoir Joint
Powers Authority, sitesjpa.net.
Taxed by years of drought, the lake [Folsom Lake] is currently
filled to 19 percent of its total capacity, with officials from
the federal Bureau of Reclamation foreseeing it may yet drop
below the 1977 record-low of 150 acre feet. Low water levels
change more than the lake’s aesthetics.
The gates will open Monday on the fish ladder to the Feather
River Fish Hatchery in Oroville, beginning the two-month
process that will see 15 million chinook salmon eggs harvested
for further continuation of the species.
More than 200,000 rainbow trout suffocated in a matter of
minutes Tuesday at the American River Hatchery near Rancho
Cordova due to an unexpected release of gunk from Folsom Dam
that clogged water intakes.
Last summer, a narrow, rock-rimmed stretch of the Sacramento
River near here turned into a mass graveyard for baby salmon.
Upstream releases of water from Shasta Dam were so warm that
virtually an entire generation of endangered winter-run Chinook
was wiped out.
The Glenn County Board of Supervisors Tuesday passed a ban on
new well permits, which will slow but not halt the number of
new wells drilled in the primarily agricultural county. … One
project that will be put on hold, at least for the next six
months, is the five new wells planned by the Glenn-Colusa
Irrigation District, the largest supplier of ag water in the
Until things are back to normal, some folks in Glenn County
want to see a halt to new well drilling. Tuesday, the issue
will be before the Glenn County Board of Supervisors, at the
request of farmer Sharron Ellis.
State officials are estimating that Bidwell Canyon’s three
available concrete lanes will close this week when the lake
level drops 220 feet below the top of Oroville Dam. The dam is
considered full at 900 feet above sea level.
Almond farmers who planned a mid-summer getaway may need to put
those plans on hold. Already the nuts are at the phase of hull
split, which comes just before its time to shake the trees.
Butte County Agricultural Commissioner Richard Price said all
crops are early this year.
Almost half of the city [of Sacramento] utility’s nearly
126,000 residential connections don’t have meters tracking and
tallying how much they use. Because of this, there’s no way of
precisely knowing how much water goes missing because of leaky
pipes, loose connections, theft or at city hydrants.
It’s hard to know how many people are scrambling to get water
this summer. … If the long-term solution is waiting for well
driller to deepen a well, the quick-fix is calling a man with a
truck who will deliver water.
By now, most customers of a water district know the new
conservation rules. … However, what about people who live in
more rural areas and in smaller water districts that have
different water conservation rules?