Winter 2019 California Project WET Gazette
Volume XXlV, Issue I
Climate, Weather and a Wet Vacation
“Climate is what we expect, weather is what we get.”
– Mark Twain
The fall holidays in our household are a time for gathering with friends and family — and vacation planning! A few years ago, our schedules aligned for a late March visit to the Emerald Isle. Ireland is famous for its green landscapes and knowing the island is also sitting in the Atlantic Ocean at a latitude farther north than our home in California, we were ready for much cooler weather and LOTS of rain. Boy, were we surprised to find little rain, a landscape still cloaked in the earthen hues of winter dormancy and t-shirt and shorts weather on the Dingle Peninsula — our March backyard in Amador County was more in line with the Irish landscape and climate we had expected!
Some of you may roll the eyes or laugh at this admission, but my desire to travel was kindled in part long ago from doing reports on countries in the 6th grade and states in the 8th grade. Last Christmas those reports resurfaced in a trove of items my parents had hung on to over the years. Both sets of reports were assigned in history, but development of the written, oral and kinesthetic presentations for each were so in line with our current Common Core standards. Geography and climate were included in the reports, but only as a general context to describe each location — think how the learning could be magnified with the addition of some science and math. The Project WET 1.0 activity ‘Wet Vacation’ (Portal) does just this!
Seasonal weather patterns are a major consideration in vacation planning, but isn’t a very engaging topic for starting an activity as written in ‘Wet Vacation.’ If using the activity to integrate more science into a report on an area, why not start with students sharing what outdoor places and activities already draw people to visit their area of study? If starting from scratch, one can “prime the pump” for ‘Wet Vacation’ by first engaging students in ‘Discover the Waters of Our National Parks’ (p: 495) and brainstorming about what draws tourists to each park area in the activity — or just jump into ‘Wet Vacation’ with a class brainstorm on what people like to do on vacation – lying on a balmy beach, skiing in loads of fresh powder, swimming, backpacking, camping, road tripping cross country, exploring historical sites, visiting theme parks, cruising, etc.
Have students locate where these places are or where they think the activities may take place on a map. Why do they think the activities, or the outdoor places occur in those locations? Could weather patterns have any influence on when any of the activities occur, when to visit the outdoor locations or the location itself? This would be the point to have students dive into some temperature and precipitation data! If studying all or parts of the United States, students can plot the average annual temperature and precipitation data for each state provided in the ‘Wet Vacation’ activity. If focusing on regions of a state, national parks or countries, students can easily locate the average annual temperature and precipitation data for their area in an online search.
Once the data is plotted, students can begin analyzing the patterns that emerge — Where does the data show it to be cooler or warmer and more or less precipitation? Does the data support why they thought a given activity occurs in a certain location — or are there data points that don’t seem to fit expectations? Does all their study area share the same patterns, or are there regions in their area that share patterns with those nearby? I’d suggest starting with a blank map with or without political boundaries to focus attention on the data and leave the door wide open for hypotheses and predictions based on just the data and where the students have located activities and outdoor destinations.
Alaska was my 8th grade state assignment and just looking at the temperature data reinforces what people think of the place — IT’S ALWAYS COLD! — or appears so based on the annual averages. But Alaska also is known as “The Land of the Midnight Sun” in summer, leading one to wonder if summer temperatures are warmer and winter temperatures are much colder to get the average annual temperatures. People also tend to think of it as a state loaded with snow, but with an annual average of just under 17” of precipitation at Nome and less than 5” at the northern most town of Barrow, one has to wonder if the common perception is true or snow is not included as precipitation in the data.
One also has to ask how is this annual data going to help me plan a vacation to see the northern lights, cruise the Panhandle or visit Denali in their best seasons? It’s not. The patterns that emerge from the data provided in ‘Wet Vacation’ will allow students to identify general climate zones showing where temperatures are cooler vs. warmer and areas of greater or lesser precipitation. But trip planners as well as students who are likely starting to question the annual data by this point are going to want to see monthly data. Unlike in the 1990’s when ‘Wet Vacation’ was written, the data is much easier to access, is already plotted and can be copied or/and overlaid on a map to compare and analyze.
Something that should be evident if students are comparing climographs for locations across the United States is that California’s graph sticks out like a sore thumb. Our Mediterranean pattern of precipitation during the cool part of the year and little to none in the hottest period is like no other — even Arizona and Nevada expect precipitation in the summer! In addition, that Mediterranean pattern holds sway throughout most of the state from San Francisco inland to Fresno, Crescent City and Alturas in the north, San Diego in the south and Bishop on the east side of the Sierra — only in the Mojave region does the Mediterranean pattern disappear.
As for visiting Alaska, Barrow in July with some good insulated raingear looks like a great time for a literal polar opposite experience from our broiling hot, dry Julys in California. The probability of warmer temperatures and less precipitation in May looks like a good time to visit Fairbanks, June for Anchorage,Nome and the Panhandle area around Sitka — but the precipitation totals in the latter immediately gets one thinking “pack rain gear” and wondering why it is so different for the other Alaska locations. A quick Google map check on where Sitka lies in Alaska and clicking on climographs for other Panhandle locations shows a similar heavy precipitation pattern from Ketchikan on the south end all the way north to Valdez, but the climograph for Skagway indicates it may not extend very far inland.
All data to this point has been looking at climate — which are long term data trends based on a minimum threshold of 30 years or more of weather data. Weather, on the other hand, is short-term — it is what you get, as Mark Twain stated in any given day or week and includes individual storm and other short-term weather-related events such as blizzards, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, drought or the conditions ripe for fires. Latitude, topography, elevation, large bodies of water or ocean and air currents are factors that can affect temperature, precipitation and other weather events and climate patterns.
In the case of the Alaskan Panhandle, this student would find, upon some minor digging, that a combination of cool ocean waters, warmer air masses laden with moisture and mountainous topography forcing those warm masses upward to cool all help contribute to the high rainfall totals in the climographs. What factors may be influencing climate patterns and weather events in each student’s study area? When will the beach areas be at their balmiest or that ski area most likely to be loaded with snow with less likelihood of encountering a hurricane or typhoon in the former or blizzard for the latter? Or, when might one consider avoiding travel through certain airports in favor of a slightly longer route to reduce the risk of weather-spawned delays?
This is part of the task laid before students in the final part of the activity – Developing a travel brochure that not only entices others to travel to a region, while also highlighting times of the year travelers are likely to have the best experience weather wise visiting these sights. Students work as a class to create a rubric to guide the development and evaluation of the travel brochures.
The final task, currently listed as an activity extension, is for students to choose a brochure (not their own) and develop a vacation plan to that area that allows them to visit the sites, while minimizing the threat of seasonal health or weather-related hazards. The plan also can include estimated time, distance, mode and cost of travel, as well as estimated costs of lodging, meals, fees to enter travel sites and travel accessories needed for the trip — i.e. clothes, luggage, specialized equipment, etc. On the scale of useful skills, this bests the heck out of the Irish Monopoly game or the plaster terraform map of Alaska developed for my 6th and 8th grade reports!
While‘Wet Vacation’ focuses on the United States, the same steps in the activity can easily be applied to study of climate and weather in other regions of the world, individual countries or a state like California. For those still procrastinating about going somewhere for spring break or over the summer, maybe the regions of study may just happen to align with your travel wish list. Or maybe you’d rather stay put and attend one of the many wonderful Winter Events or Professional Development Opportunities coming up in early 2019! Check-out the Websites of Interest for data resources and information to use with ‘Wet Vacation’,including a variety of data links and links for diving even deeper into climate and weather data.You’ll also find a list of Grants and Student Opportunities to kick off a New Year!
Hope you have a wonderful winter season!
WEBSITES OF INTEREST
Here you will find lots of great information and tips on visiting and traveling in the USA. No two trips are alike, so you will find information in this section for a variety of trip types. Whether you prefer staying in a resort or camping under the stars, the site includes details travelers need to be safe and happy a trip. Being prepared early and knowing what to expect will help reduce traveler stress and be more able to enjoy the unexpected events of travel. This website has done a lot of the ‘Wet Vacation’ research on states for students – and each state description often includes links to state travel sites that highlight regions within the state, such as the California travel website below.
If you know which part of California is of interest but you still need some guidance, click on “Map,” and then explore one of the 12 geographical regions of the state. We’ve organized our content—including videos, a printed visitor’s guide and even travel tips—with an eye toward helping find what you want quickly and easily. Searching this site is simple: If you already know what you’re looking for, type the keywords into our search bar at the top of the page. The “hamburger” menu in the top right corner of the page is another great resource—it has links to articles and other content organized around interests.
National Park Service: Plan Your Visit
Are you ready? Whether you want to explore local places or plan a vacation, you’ll find a park to suit your interests! The National Park Service preserves unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the National Park System for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations. This is a wonderful website to pair with or expand on ‘Discover the Waters of Our National Parks’ (p: 495) or the California version of the activity!
U.S.G.S. – The National Map
As one of the cornerstones of the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Geospatial Program, The National Map is a collaborative effort among the USGS and other Federal, State, and local partners to improve and deliver topographic information for the Nation. It has uses ranging from recreation to scientific analysis to emergency response. The National Map Viewer is the one-stop destination for downloading map data and products. It uses easy to navigate foundational base maps and makes it simple to download products such as the US Topo.
The purpose of the U.S. Climate Data is to inform people about the climate in the United States. This website was developed by Your Weather Service. The website includes monthly and daily data for temperature, precipitation, snowfall and sunshine for multiple locations in every state. The monthly data also includes a climograph of the average precipitation, maximum and minimum temperature by month for each location that can be opened separately in its own page to copy. Each location also includes Google map link to see where it is located and a link to the current weather forecast at that location. The page also links to climate.eu where one can find monthly data for countries in Europe and Africa.
NOAA: U.S. Climate Atlas
These maps use daily observations of temperature and precipitation from over 10,000 stations in the U.S. based on new methodologies to quality control the daily data, summarize the daily data into monthly values and the creation of maps to visualize the information. There are maps for minimum temperature, maximum temperature, and precipitation. There are two types of data that can be displayed; maps for a particular month and year from 1895 to present, or climatology maps. The climatology maps represent average values from 1981 to 2010. These are also known as the “1981-2010 Normals”.
NOAA: Defining Climate Normals
You’re looking forward to taking a much-deserved vacation in four months, and you want to visit a U.S. city you’ve never been to before. So, how do you decide where to go? Perhaps you’ll consider places where you can expect your ideal temperatures. But, at four months out, your trusted weather forecast probably won’t be much help in finding locations that meet your temperature criteria. Fortunately, our scientists have calculated the “normal” temperatures you can expect to see each month at locations across the United States. We call them Climate Normals, and we compute a new installment every decade.
Manage your severe weather response with live feeds and sensor data. This map features live feed layers for Severe Weather across the United States and Canada and displays the predicted ice accumulation for the next 72 hours across the Continental United States. Data are updated hourly from the National Digital Forecast Database produced by the National Weather Service.
NOAA: Climate Data Primer
Heading out for a walk on a chilly spring morning, you notice misty clouds on the hills in the distance. You’re feeling eager for summer to arrive, but the hillsides are just beginning to green up after the end of winter. You wonder, “Is it cooler than usual this spring? I think I’m usually wearing shorts by this time of year.” Thinking about the weather, you recognize what you’re really concerned about is if it will rain on your barbecue this weekend.
The Regional Climate Centers (RCC) deliver climate services at national, regional and state levels working with NOAA partners. The Regional Climate Center data interface is being updated, but you can already start using the new version. Click ‘OK’ on the note about the page not loading Google Maps correctly, then choose one of the two ways to use the map as described below the map. Click on any data point that appears to get more data than you probably want! This website includes the ’30-year normals’ used in the U.S. Climate Data locations, the maps in the U.S. Climate Atlas – AND you can get all the raw data available for the life of each gauge on the RCC map!
The Comparative Climatic Data tables of meteorological elements outline the climate conditions at major U.S. weather observing stations, Puerto Rico, and the Pacific Islands. The stations list is alphabetically by state. The table arrangement is so a single table of the same element allows the user to compare the values for different locations. Some elements will not be in the table for weather stations that do not regularly report that element. This site also allows users to view data and graphs of temperature and precipitation Climate Normals for over 9,800 stations across the United States.
Rising global average temperature is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. Scientific studies indicate that extreme weather events such as heat waves and large storms are likely to become more frequent or more intense with human-induced climate change. This chapter focuses on observed changes in temperature, precipitation, storms, floods, and droughts.
Real World Learning Objects: Using Excel to Create a Climograph
A climograph is a chart commonly used to graphically display both annual temperature (highs, lows, and averages) and precipitation information for a city or region. Meteorologists and climatologists use climatograms to understand the general climate of a region. They are also frequently included in travel books and tourism brochures so interested visitors can select the “best” time of year to visit a certain location. This website walks one through how to use a spreadsheet program to create a climograph, and then use and analyze the graph to make a recommend times of the year to visit their area of study.
GardenZeus: California Climate Zones
The same weather and climate factors that may affect vacation plans also come into play when planning what to plant in your garden. GardenZeus California Climate Zones where developed by taking into account many factors including seasonal climate, temperature averages, elevation, frequency of frosts and precipitation. The website includes a wonderful synopsis of the prevailing weather and climate in each of their California climate zones, which upon clicking on shows a list of garden plants recommended for the region.
Desert research Institute: Stories in the Snow
DRI is pioneering an exciting and unique approach to the science of snow. The Stories in the Snow project engages community members as citizen scientists in real data collection and research throughout the Sierra Nevada. Every snowflake is unique, and the shape of freshly-fallen crystals can tell us about real-time atmospheric conditions. Using smartphone technology, you can help track the path a snowflake has taken through the atmosphere!
Remember to check this Water Education Foundation web page to find California specific supplements and other materials for use with Project WET activities, including other activities tied to weather and climate such as the California version of ‘Discover the Waters of Our National Parks,’ ‘Snow and Tell’ or ‘Back to the Future.’
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES
The California Project WET program and our sponsors are eager to assist in supporting local professional development and water education outreach efforts. Workshops for the upcoming season include Project WET workshops highlighting the interconnection of inland watersheds and the ocean, water conservation, water and gardens and early childhood education!
California Waterfowl Association will host a Wildlife Conservation Education seminar March 24-27, 2018 at Grizzly Ranch. Three full days of engaging educational outdoor activities will include a tour of Grizzly Island and Suisun Marsh; training in Project WILD, WET and Learning Tree; National Archery in Schools certification; Junior Duck Stamp educator training and classroom materials; kayaking and guest speakers! A $50 registration includes all lodging, food and materials you will receive. Click here to register or email Molly Maupin.
Climate change is having a profound impact on California water resources. These specialized Project WET workshops provide an opportunity for new and veteran Project WET educators to interact with California Department of Water Resources Climate Change program staff for a day of learning about the basics of weather and climate science, how the science is being applied to safeguard California water resources – and how Project WET activities can help you integrate climate science concepts and skills back in the classroom – Join us this January in Kings County!
We’re proud to light your homes, your businesses and the streets around your neighborhood – and support local schools with fun, hands-on science education. Make STEAM education come alive for your students with free, professional workshops that include hands-on activities and materials offered through the Sacramento Municipal Utilities District education program. SMUD also offers programs that get you out-of-the-classroom, hands-on experience with energy and engineering by getting involved in one of our free annual competitions or events including our Solar Car Race, Solar Regatta and an Electricity Fair!
The Classroom Aquarium Education Project is offered statewide in partnership with regional community organizations. While the program has several names around the state – including ‘Salmonids in the Classroom’ - the core learning elements and student experiences are similar. The prerequisite training workshops are held at locations throughout the state. Completion of a training workshop is required to receive eggs. Teacher training workshops are offered at least once a year in each region. For more information on Winter 2019 trainings – click on your region and then workshops at this link:
The EEI Curriculum is 85 K-12 grade units that teaches standards through an environmental lens, including understanding resources, conservation, where our food, energy, and water come from, and complicated decision-making processes related to climate change, green chemistry and use of our public lands. California examples make learning relevant and stimulate student involvement with the world around them. Click here to see a list of correlating Project WET activities to use with individual EEI units!
The California Environmental Education Interagency Network (CEEIN) is a state government consortium of environmental educators representing state departments and partner organizations. CEEIN maintains an online calendar, where educators can find trainings and events to increase their own knowledge and experiences, including participatory stewardship opportunities related to environmental education and environmental literacy.
Enjoy a week with natural resource professionals gaining a deeper understanding of forest ecosystems and human use of natural resources. Participants will receive a high-quality, interdisciplinary experience focused on content and practices at the heart of current forest issues and Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards. You’ll leave with a wealth of materials – including Project Learning Tree and Project WET! A $25 registration fee includes all housing, meals and materials you will receive throughout the week – and an opportunity to receive credit and a $200 stipend.
January 20 - 21, 2019: California King Tides Project
When king tides occur during floods or storms, water levels can rise higher and have the potential to cause great damage to the coastline and coastal property. Anyone with a camera can participate in the California King Tides Project by taking and uploading photos of king tides. King Tides images offer a living record of the changes to our coast and a glimpse of what our daily tides may look like in the future as a result of sea level rise.
January 21, 2019: National Parks Free Entrance Day
The fee-free days provide a great opportunity to visit a new place or an old favorite, especially one of the national parks that normally charge an entrance fee. In honor of the Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., National Park Service sites will have free admission to everyone on Monday, January 21, as the first fee free day of the year. Visit parks connected to the life and legacy of Dr. King – Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park, Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Lincoln Memorials. Check out volunteer opportunities inspired by a day of service or attend a ranger program to learn more about the history of Dr. King and civil rights in America.
January 23 - 27, 2019: Snow Goose Festival of the Pacific Flyway
Let Us Take You Under Our Wing & Show You the Magic of the Pacific Flyway! Our event celebrates the remarkable journey of millions of waterfowl and raptors along the Pacific Flyway that call the Northern Sacramento Valley their home during the winter months. Choose from over 70 field trips and workshops that are sure to appeal to a wide variety of interests. We hope to see you at the Snow Goose Festival!
February 9, 2019: GCSN Conference for STEM Education
Join us for Gold Coast Science Network’s (GCSN) Conference for STEM Education with a special 25th anniversary celebration this year! you will be able to choose from more than 20 workshops in four breakout sessions with a focus on Common Core and NGSS; bring home ready-to-use lessons, materials, and ideas for teaching STEM; network with teachers and STEM Organizations from Ventura and surrounding counties.
March 2, 2019: Placer County STEM Expo
More than just a Science Fair! STEM Expo is an alternative concept to the typical Science Fair – striving to give students a place to exhibit their work alongside entertainment and learning opportunities for the whole family – including STEM based activities and interactive exhibits from local scientists, organizations, schools, and companies. This exciting, free, one day artistic event showcasing elementary through high school student-generated work – connecting students with their community.
March 18 - 24, 2019: Fix a Leak Week
Leaks Can Run, but They Can’t Hide! An average household leak can account for nearly 10,000 gallons of water wasted every year and ten percent of homes have leaks that waste 90 gallons or more per day, so each year we hunt down the drips during Fix a Leak Week. Mark your calendars for EPA”s tenth annual Fix a Leak Week — but remember that you can find and fix leaks inside and outside your home to save valuable water and money all year long.
March 22, 2019: World Water Day
Each year, World Water Day highlights a specific aspect of the issues involved in supplying freshwater around the world. Under the theme “Nature for Water” World Water Day 2018 will focus on the potential of nature-based solutions for water and how they can be considered for water management policy and practice.
GRANTS, SCHOLARSHIPS & AWARDS
President’s Environmental Youth Award - Deadline: February 1, 2019
Each year the President’s Environmental Youth Award (PEYA) program honors a wide variety of projects developed by young individuals, school classes (kindergarten through high school), summer camps, public interest groups, and youth organizations to promote environmental awareness. It is one of the most important ways the Administration and EPA demonstrate commitment to environmental stewardship efforts created and conducted by our nation’s youth.
Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching – Deadline: March 1, 2019
The Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching (PAEMST) are the nation’s highest honors for teachers of mathematics and science (including computer science). Awardees serve as models for their colleagues, inspiration to their communities, and leaders in the improvement of science and mathematics education. This year’s awards will honor science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and/computer science teachers working in grades 7-12. Applications are due on May 1, 2019.
National Geographic GeoChallenge - Deadline: January 15, 2019
Student groups in grades five through eight are challenged to develop a creative solution to a real-world problem. Participating students form teams of between four and six people that work together to respond to a challenge using research and creativity to develop and present real-world solutions. The best projects will have the chance to move on to a regional competition. This year’s challenge – Tackling Plastic!—invites students to investigate the urgent issue of plastic pollution in our waterways.
California Coastal Art & Poetry Contest - Deadline: January 31, 2019
The California Coastal Commission invites California students in K-12th grade to submit artwork or poetry with a California coastal or marine theme. By encouraging youth to reflect on the beauty and spirit of California’s beaches and ocean, we hope to inspire a greater sense of stewardship for these natural places. Art and poetry must have a California coastal or marine theme to be eligible and include a short statement on how the coast or ocean inspired your creation.
Cal Water H2O Classroom Challenge - Registration Deadline: January 31, 2019
Cal Water H2O Classroom Challenge is a project-based, environmentally focused competition for grades 4-6 and aligned with Common Core and complementary to Next Generation Science Standards. Students of participating classrooms initiate, develop, and implement a 4-8 week-long project focusing on caring for water. This class-based project explores water as a global resource and as a local resource, while tackling a local water problem in an individual and community-based endeavor. Eligible classrooms must be based in a Cal Water Service Area.
California School Recycling Challenge – Deadline: February 28, 2019
The California K-12 Schools Recycling Challenge is an annual statewide program to generate enthusiasm for recycling and promote a healthy competition between schools and recycling coordinators. Over a one month period, schools report recycling and trash data, which are then ranked according to who collects the largest amount of recyclables per capita, the largest amount of total recyclables or have the highest recycling rate.
Kids to Parks Day - Deadline: February 14, 2019
National Park Trust invites students across the country to participate in the Kids to Parks Day, a nationwide grassroots movement to celebrate America’s Parks and public lands. Opening August 1, 2018, this national contest is open to all Title I schools in the United States. Classes can receive funding for a KTP event at a park or public land/waterway in their community. Students must research and write the proposal themselves, although we encourage teachers to provide support and feedback! NPT will award park grants up to $1,000 to winning entries.
World of 7 Billion Video Contest - Deadline: February 28, 2019
Population Education, a program of Population Connection, invites any middle or high school student (grade 6-12, or the international equivalent) to create a short video – up to 60 seconds – about human population growth that highlights one of the following global challenges: Advancing Women and Girls, Feeding 10 Billion, or Preventing Pollution. Students may be located anywhere in the world and entry into the contest is free.
My California Mapping Competition – Deadline: March 15, 2019
The California Geographic Alliance is pleased to announce the 2nd annual “My California GIS Mapping Showcase and Competition”. This statewide opportunity encourages middle (4th-8th grade) and high school students to harness the power of Geographic Information Systems and get connected with their state by producing an online map that focuses on stories, issues, or ideas that are important to them. For schools who would like to participate in the mentoring program, registrations are due before midnight on Friday, February 1, 2019.
Carton 2 Garden Contest - Deadline: March 22, 2019
Show us your students” creativity by re-purposing milk and juice cartons from your school cafeteria to either build or enhance your school garden. The best use of cartons in a school garden gives your school the chance to win one of 15 prizes with a grand prize valued at $5,000.. We can”t wait to see your students” creations—carton planters, garden art, scarecrows, window boxes, irrigation systems… The more creative, the better!
NPR Student Podcast Challenge - Entry Deadline: March 31, 2019
Have something to say? Now is your chance! We’re inviting students around the country to create a podcast, then — with the help of a teacher — compete for a chance to win our grand prize and have you work appear on NPR. Put together a podcast with your class or extracurricular group. Then submit it to us with help from a teacher. This contest is aimed at students between 5th and 12th grade. Each podcast should be between three and 12 minutes long.
Stockholm Junior Water Prize - Applications Due: April 15, 2019
The Stockholm Junior Water Prize competition is the world’s most prestigious water-science competition for students. The purpose of the SJWP program is to increase students” interest in water-related issues and research and to raise awareness about global water challenges. The winner of the California competition will advance to the national level, and the winner of that event will represent America at the global competition in Sweden.
California Project WET Gazette is published by the Water Education Foundation, which serves as the state coordinator for Project WET USA, a program of the Project WET Foundation.
Editor: Brian Brown, California Project WET Coordinator