Today, the world produces approximately 400 million tons of plastic waste per year. … Plastic contains lots of chemicals and additives making the material durable and flexible; however, plastic’s durability lasts far beyond the length of time humans use it … meaning essentially all plastic ever produced still exists somewhere on Earth, according to National Geographic. That is a staggering 9.2 billion tons of plastic. Much of this ends up in oceans and on coastlines endangering sea life. … While the media often shows images of fish strangled by six-pack rings or turtles accidentally eating plastic straws, a deeper problem is emerging: microplastics.